MA FY17

2 posts

Time for medical release law for terminally ill inmates in Massachusetts

Below is an op-ed I co-authored with Senator Pat Jehlen on why Massachusetts should release terminally ill inmates from incarceration to a supervised community setting in cases where a judge has determined that an inmate is permanently incapacitated and no longer poses a public safety concern. Sen. Jehlen and I filed legislation in the Senate and House, as S.843 and H.1628 respectively, that would accomplish this smart-on-crime approach. I have also filed similar language as an amendment to the House FY17 Budget, which will be debated this week. The op-ed ran in Cambridge Day titled “Time to move terminally ill, aged convicts from ill-equipped prison, jail care facilities.” – Tim

There is a fiscal crisis looming over Massachusetts’ state prisons and county jails. The inmate population is aging, and the cost of providing health care to older inmates, particularly those who are suffering from terminal ailments, is beginning to strain budgets. We incarcerate twice as many inmates over the age of 50 as we did in 2002, and this trend shows no signs of slowing. This is a problem that is shared in corrections systems across the country, but unlike most other states, our jails and prisons do not have access to the tools they need to deal with it.

Forty-five other states and the federal government have mechanisms for releasing dying prisoners in their custody to more medically appropriate environments. Massachusetts is one of the five states that do not have such a mechanism, and it is costing us dearly. Continuing to imprison dying inmates who no longer pose a danger to the public is pulling funds away from corrections initiatives that directly affect public safety, such as programming for inmates nearing release. Rising health care costs and an aging inmate population guarantee the situation will only continue to grow worse unless we take action now.

To address this problem, we filed legislation that would create a process for the Department of Corrections and County Sheriffs to begin placing terminally ill and permanently incapacitated prisoners who are no longer a threat to public safety in settings outside of state prisons and county jails. If passed, this bill would allow eligible inmates to begin receiving end-of-life care in facilities such as hospices and would transfer responsibility for care costs from the corrections system to public or private health insurers.

Since most inmates would be eligible for Medicaid upon release, this bill would generate significant cost savings for the state and county corrections systems. The same medical care could be paid for at a lower cost by Medicaid, and the state would also get significant federal reimbursement for the cost. Inmates could be monitored safely and securely in medical release settings through the use of GPS bracelets and home visits, rather than the multiple corrections officers that are currently required, further reducing the strain these inmates place on resources. Any threat to public safety under such a law would be highly remote – sheriffs and the Department of Corrections would have discretion over which inmates to refer to the program, and courts would have broad authority to set release restrictions. In the event an inmate’s medical condition unexpectedly improved or they violated the conditions of their release, they would be returned to custody.

While we feel the evidence leans heavily in this bill’s favor, obtaining a broad base of political support for this legislation remains a challenge. Some continue to hold the belief that inmates deserve little besides punishment, even if that punishment includes the indignity of dying in a prison cell. We readily understand and accept this anger, especially when it comes from victims of crime. But we have seen the inmates who would qualify for medical release under our bill. They are frail – often bedridden – with some suffering from advanced dementia. There is no rational purpose for continuing to expend resources to lock these men and women behind bars and razor wire, especially when every dollar we expend on their care is a dollar we cannot expend on preparing healthy, able-bodied men and women finishing their sentences to lead lives free of substance abuse and crime.

Right now, there is a clear commitment among members of the House and Senate to making smart criminal justice reforms. Just last week, Gov. Charlie Baker signed a repeal of the lengthy mandatory driver’s license suspensions and severe reinstatement fees that had long been imposed on drug offenders – even for those whose crimes did not involve a motor vehicle. Bills tackling issues such as mandatory minimum sentencing and the pretrial bail system have attracted dozens of co-sponsors, and there is a clear appetite on Beacon Hill to engage with these issues in a substantive and progressive manner. In this environment, we have a great opportunity to join 45 other states, the District of Columbia and the federal government by implementing a medical release system in Massachusetts. When looking at our options, it is one of the clearest, most rational choices we can make for our criminal justice system.

Why Rental Subsidies Help Prevent Chronic Homelessness

I had the pleasure of co-hosting a legislative briefing on the Alternative Housing Voucher Program (AHVP) with Senator Jamie Eldridge (D-Acton) at the State House. AHVP is a transitional rental assistance program that provides accessible and affordable housing options to approximately 560 single adults with disabilities who are under the age of 60 and who qualify for state-assisted housing.

During the briefing, elected officials and legislative staff heard testimony from housing advocates and Massachusetts residents on why rental assistance programs are an important part of the Commonwealth’s housing toolkit to help struggling low-income individuals and families find long-term housing solutions.

“Rental subsidies are the most effective tool to immediately help people who are homeless or at risk of homelessness to secure homes they can afford,” said Rachel Heller, Director of Housing Policy at the Citizens’ Housing and Planning Association (CHAPA).

“Together, with the Massachusetts Rental Voucher Program, AHVP is a critical tool in furthering the Commonwealth’s goal of providing persons with disabilities choices to live in community-based housing and to avoid more costly institutions or homelessness,” Heller continued.

As our homelessness rates continue to increase for both individuals and families, I believe that we have a moral and fiscal obligation to continue investing in housing subsidies in order to provide long-term housing solutions for our residents. Temporary shelters are far costlier for the state while chronic homelessness has adverse effects on the economy through long term unemployment and health care costs. Anne Johansen of Quincy also helped illustrate the feeling of despair people feel when facing an unstable living situation.

“I never really knew what freedom was before I lost it and then finally regained it,” Ms. Johansen said. “I have been free for almost 4 years now and I still cherish every choice that I am free to make, every quiet day spent at home and every busy day when I come and go as I please. Now I am a volunteer for BCIL and I am a member of the Mass. PCA Workforce Council,” she continued.

AHVP briefing_group
Left to Right: Rep. Tim Toomey, Allegra Stout of BCIL, Anne Johansen of Quincy, Sen. Jamie Eldridge

Ms. Johansen spent seven years in nursing homes around Boston before BCIL staff helped her apply for a special rental voucher for people leaving nursing homes from Lynn Housing. Her touching story is just one of many thousand across the state – that’s why I was thrilled to help secure an increase to the AHVP line-item in last year’s state budget that created 120 additional vouchers.

“The Boston Center for Independent Living, which assists over 5,000 people with disabilities to live productive lives—including hundreds in Cambridge and Somerville—applauds Rep. Toomey’s leadership on AHVP,” said Bill Henning, Executive Director of the Boston Center for Independent Living (BCIL). “He is acting firmly to address the housing crisis besetting disabled individuals across the region,” Henning continued.

This year, I’m again teaming up with housing advocates to further expand the AHVP program. We will be asking for $7.1 million, which would increase the total amount of vouchers to 800, and I look forward to working with my colleagues in the legislature and with advocates to help secure more housing options for people with disabilities.

“Persons with disabilities deserve the right to lead equal, independent lives,” said Senator Jamie Eldridge (D-Acton). “I am pleased that so many people attended the legislative briefing to learn more about the numerous benefits AHVP offers to help support homes for the disabled and ways we can continue to expand the program in the FY17 budget,” Sen. Eldridge concluded.

We need to continue to work towards ensuring that all members of our state have a safe place to call home, and as Ms. Johansen reminded the audience, “The AHVP will be the ticket to freedom to so many people who are longing to leave nursing homes and homeless shelters.”